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Firewalld : Basic Operation
2015/01/13
 
This is the Basic Operation of Firewalld.
The definition of services is set to zones on Firewalld. To enable Firewall, assosiate a zone to a NIC with related commands.
[1] To use Firewalld, start it.
[root@dlp ~]#
systemctl start firewalld

[root@dlp ~]#
systemctl enable firewalld

[2] By default, "public" zone is applied with a NIC and dhcpv6-client and ssh are allowed. When operating with "firewall-cmd" command, if you input the command without "--zone=***" specification, then, configuration is set to the default zone.
# display the default zone

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --get-default-zone

public
# display current settings

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --list-all

public (default, active)
  interfaces: eno16777736
  sources:
  services: dhcpv6-client ssh
  ports:
  masquerade: no
  forward-ports:
  icmp-blocks:
  rich rules:
  
# display all zones defined by default

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --list-all-zones

block
  interfaces:
  sources:
  services:
  ports:
  masquerade: no
  forward-ports:
  icmp-blocks:
  rich rules:
  .....
  .....
  
# display allowed services on a specific zone

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --list-service --zone=external

ssh
# change default zone

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --set-default-zone=external

success
# change zone for an interface (*note)

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --change-interface=eth1 --zone=external

success
[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --list-all --zone=external

external (active)
  interfaces: eth1
  sources:
  services: ssh
  ports:
  masquerade: yes
  forward-ports:
  icmp-blocks:
  rich rules:
  
# *note : it's not changed permanently with "change-interface" even if added "--permanent" option

# if change permanently, use nmcli like follows

[root@dlp ~]#
nmcli c mod eth1 connection.zone external

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --get-active-zone

external
  interfaces: eth1
public
  interfaces: eth0
[3] Display services defined by default.
[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --get-services

amanda-client bacula bacula-client dhcp dhcpv6 dhcpv6-client dns ftp high-availability http https imaps ipp ipp-client ipsec kerberos kpasswd ldap ldaps libvirt libvirt-tls mdns mountd ms-wbt mysql nfs ntp openvpn pmcd pmproxy pmwebapi pmwebapis pop3s postgresql proxy-dhcp radius rpc-bind samba samba-client smtp ssh telnet tftp tftp-client transmission-client vnc-server wbem-https
# definition files are placed like follows

# if you'd like to add your original definition, add XML file on there

[root@dlp ~]#
ls /usr/lib/firewalld/services

amanda-client.xml      ipp-client.xml   mysql.xml       rpc-bind.xml
bacula-client.xml      ipp.xml          nfs.xml         samba-client.xml
bacula.xml             ipsec.xml        ntp.xml         samba.xml
dhcpv6-client.xml      kerberos.xml     openvpn.xml     smtp.xml
dhcpv6.xml             kpasswd.xml      pmcd.xml        ssh.xml
dhcp.xml               ldaps.xml        pmproxy.xml     telnet.xml
dns.xml                ldap.xml         pmwebapis.xml   tftp-client.xml
ftp.xml                libvirt-tls.xml  pmwebapi.xml    tftp.xml
high-availability.xml  libvirt.xml      pop3s.xml       transmission-client.xml
https.xml              mdns.xml         postgresql.xml  vnc-server.xml
http.xml               mountd.xml       proxy-dhcp.xml  wbem-https.xml
imaps.xml              ms-wbt.xml       radius.xml
[4] Add or Remove allowed services.
The change will be back after rebooting the system. If you change settings permanently, add the "--permanent" option.
# for example, add http (the change will be valid at once)

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --add-service=http

success
[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --list-service

dhcpv6-client http ssh
# for example, remove http

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --remove-service=http

success
[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --list-service

dhcpv6-client ssh
# for example, add http permanently. (this permanent case, it's necessary to reload the Firewalld to enable the change)

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --add-service=http --permanent

success
[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --reload

success
[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --list-service

dhcpv6-client http ssh
[5] Add or remove allowed ports.
# for example, add TCP 465

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --add-port=465/tcp

success
[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --list-port

465/tcp
# for example, remove TCP 465

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --remove-port=465/tcp

success
[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --list-port

 
# for example, add TCP 465 permanently

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --add-port=465/tcp --permanent

success
[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --reload

success
[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --list-port

465/tcp
[6] Add or remove prohibited ICMP types.
# for example, add echo-request to prohibit it

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --add-icmp-block=echo-request

success
[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --list-icmp-blocks

echo-request
# for example, remove echo-request

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --remove-icmp-block=echo-request

success
[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --list-icmp-blocks

 
# display ICMP types

[root@dlp ~]#
firewall-cmd --get-icmptypes

destination-unreachable echo-reply echo-request parameter-problem redirect
router-advertisement router-solicitation source-quench time-exceeded
 
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